“The greatest challenge that has surreptitiously arisen in our age is the challenge of knowledge, indeed, not as against ignorance; but knowledge as conceived and disseminated throughout the world by Western civilization; knowledge whose nature has become problematic because it has lost its true purpose due to being unjustly conceived, and has thus brought about chaos in mans life instead of, and rather than, peace and justice; knowledge which pretends to be real but which is productive of confusion and scepticism, which has elevated doubt and conjecture to the ‘scientific’ rank in methodology, knowledge which has for the first time in history, brought chaos to the Three Kingdoms of Nature; the animal, vegetal and mineral” 

– Syed Muhammad Naquib al-Attas, Prolegomena to the Metaphysics of Islam.